Single vs joint life insurance
So, you're in a relationship - married or coupled up - and you're thinking about taking out life insurance as a couple. Which option do you go for? Single or joint life insurance?
What is single life insurance?
A single life insurance policy covers one person only and pays out the chosen amount of cover if that person dies during the length of the policy. If a couple holds two single policies and one partner dies, then the surviving partner still has their own policy. Single life policies can be relevant to you as a couple, despite the name, and dependent on your individual circumstances.
What is joint life insurance?
A 'joint' life insurance policy covers two lives, which sounds obvious but it’s important to note that the cover usually operates on a 'first death' basis. This means the chosen amount of cover is paid out if the first person dies, during the length of the policy, after which the policy would end. This is a key point about joint life insurance: the policy pays out only once, leaving the surviving partner without cover under that policy.
Which would be the best life insurance for couples?
Some people may think it makes sense for the sole breadwinner of the family to take out a single life insurance policy in their name to protect their family from the possibility of financial hardship if they died. Of course, this ignores the fact that the loss of someone who takes care of the children and the household can also have a huge financial impact on a family.
Nowadays, there are often two breadwinners in the family, so if you decide to take out life insurance it’s even more likely that both partners will need cover. You have two options available – two single life policies or a joint life policy.
How do you decide which policy is best for you? Take a look at this simple diagram to get started:
Thinking about your current and potential future needs alongside your available budget will help you make the right decision.
Consider your needs
If you have loved ones who depend on you financially you may have a need for life insurance. Life insurance can be set up on a single life or joint life basis where an insurable interest exists between the applicants. When deciding which of these options is right for you, take stock of your present needs and, though it’s not nice to think about, prepare for worst-case scenarios. You may want to think about the following:
Even though you are in a relationship, it doesn’t automatically mean that you have the same protection shortfalls. Whether joint or single life policies are suitable will depend on what each of you wants to protect and for how long each of you want the cover to last. Depending on individual circumstances, this could make a joint life policy, single life policies or a combination of both the right choice for you.
Joint life policies could be a good choice if you both need the same level of cover for the same length of time e.g. to cover a joint mortgage where the cash sum only needs to be paid once. Both policy holders would receive the same level of cover under a joint life policy, so if you have different protection needs, this may leave one partner with too much or too little protection.
Single life could be considered if there are differences in the level of cover that you both need, how long you need cover for or whether you want the cash sum paid twice should you both pass away during the length of the policy.
A joint life insurance policy can be cheaper than two single policies designed to provide the same amount of cover over the same period of time. However, a joint life policy pays out only once, leaving the surviving partner without cover under that policy, whereas single life insurance policies can offer more protection because each partner has individual cover.
Your needs may change in the future, it may be a good idea to review your cover from time to time in order make sure that you have the correct level of protection in place.
If a relationship breaks down, it's possible that an insurance provider would not be able to divide a joint life policy into two single policies.
If you claimed against a joint life policy, the surviving person would be left without life cover under that policy. Applying for life insurance later in life can be expensive because premiums increase with age. If health deteriorates it may become more difficult to obtain cover.
As you work through your options, you can get a good idea of how much cover you might need with our Life Insurance Calculator.