We teach our children how to ride a bike, cook a meal and tidy their bedrooms. We teach them about teamwork, sharing and the power of positive thinking. But how many of us consciously teach our children about money?

Not very many, according to research – 9 in 10 adults don’t talk about money, and one study found that less than half (48%) of 7-17 year olds were getting a meaningful financial education at home or at school. Yet without developing these critical skills, your children could find it harder to manage their money as they grow up.

That’s not to say it’s easy. Many of us are only too well aware that our own financial knowledge leaves a lot to be desired. But this isn’t about explaining complex share trading strategies or endowment bonus rates. It’s about sharing simple skills, such as taking responsibility, saving up for something or comparing prices. It’s about sharing your values, whether that’s giving to charity or choosing where to spend your money. It’s about simply talking about money.

It’s never too early to start – even pre-school children can understand that different things cost different amounts of money, and traditional counting games help them develop confidence with numbers. Harness their imagination; most children love to play shops and you could even use real pennies to “pay” for your mud pie.

By the age of seven, children’s attitudes to money are already developing; they can understand the difference between wants and needs. Pocket money is a great way to introduce children to the idea of saving; they will be able to see the cost of something they want and work out how many weeks it will take to achieve their goal. You might be able to show them how to compare different versions of the same item. They will be on their way to developing healthy money habits – and perhaps even learning that a shiny new toy may not seem so exciting after a few months.

Making bigger financial decisions together

As children get older, they can take on more responsibility, maybe starting to earn money by doing chores around the house. If they’re saving or earning enough, they may want to think about opening a bank account – but get them to research the best interest rates first, and remember to teach them how to protect their money online. Some items, such as a mobile phone, are a good way to introduce new concepts such as financial contracts, or that an upfront incentive might not be the best deal in the long run; you could also talk about insurance at this point, and the need to protect your belongings.

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Many children learn early on that they can’t have what they want all the time, but not always why. Sharing your own income and outgoing is a good way to help them understand where the money goes and the importance of budgeting. Tell them how you prioritise your spending and explain the monthly cost of keeping the lights on and putting food on the table. It might be tough to explain to your children that you’re struggling to make ends meet, but it could be one of the best lessons they ever learn.

According to research on the impact of Covid-19 from charity Turn2US, 40% of young people aged 18-24 were more likely to run out of money before the end of the week or month and need to borrow to get by than before the pandemic – and unemployment among the same age group rose by nearly 30% in the three months to October 2020, compared to the same period in 2019. That makes it even more important that young people understand how money works, and the strategies needed to make it go further.

How other family members can help

Of course, parents aren’t the only ones that can help children learn about money. Other family members such as grandparents or godparents can play their part; sometimes lessons can be learned more easily from an adult who isn’t a parent! If a child is lucky enough to receive a lump sum, it can spark a conversation about what the child might want in the future – you might even show them an online calculator that demonstrates the power of compound interest. Many online calculators allow you to play with different sums of money or time scales, or work backwards to show you how much you need to save to achieve a set goal. Perhaps this is the time to introduce the idea of investing rather than saving?

Financial literacy is taught in schools, but only as part of the citizenship curriculum so may get lost among other important classes. If your daughter has joined Girlguiding, you can encourage her to take her Saver badge, sponsored by Legal & General. The badge encourages girls to think about how they can save money to be able to do the things that matter to them most. Wherever your child learns about money, make sure the lessons will set them up with good saving habits for later in life.