What happens to your UK state pension when you die?

After you die, it may be possible for your spouse or civil partner to receive extra pension payments from your pension or National Insurance contributions. What they are eligible for depends on when you reached State Pension age.

If your spouse or civil partner reached State Pension Age before 6th April 2016

Your spouse or civil partner may be able to increase their basic State Pension based on your National Insurance Contributions, if they do not already receive the full amount.

In order to find out what they might be eligible for, your spouse or civil partner should get in touch with the Pension Service when you die.

If your spouse or civil partner is eligible, they will receive the additional payment when they claim their own pension.

If you’re single or divorced, and have not already claimed your State Pension, your estate can claim up to three months of your basic State Pension.

If your spouse or civil partner reached State Pension Age on or after 6th April 2016

If your spouse or civil partner is receiving the ‘new State Pension’, they may be able to inherit an extra payment in addition to their existing State Pension, depending on when your marriage or civil partnership started and when you died. You can find more information about the rules surrounding this on the Government website.

 

What happens to your personal or workplace pension when you die?

The amounts paid out from personal or workplace pensions when you die depends on the type of pension scheme you belong to and whether you’ve already started receiving your pension benefits. The pension scheme administrator will be able to provide more information.

A defined contribution pension may pay the value of your pension pot to your dependants as a lump sum.

A defined benefit (or final salary) pension may pay a pension to your spouse or partner or, in some cases, your children until they leave full time education.

If you die while paying into a workplace pension, there may also be an element of life cover, that will be payable to your dependants as a lump sum.

 

 

Next steps

If you're interested in finding out more about leaving money for your family when you die, or more about the State Pension, take a look here:

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