Julian and Sarah, 69 and 67; both retired

This case study does not represent real people and is for illustrative purposes only.

  1. Julian and Sarah's story

    Julian is a retired accountant and his wife Sarah is a retired civil servant.

    They own their own home outright in Dorking. It's a four-bedroom detached property, which has recently been valued at £730,000.

    They've two grown up children aged 32 and 34, who both have careers but are renting flats in London to be close to work. They're both saving for a deposit for a bigger home as they both want families of their own and they know how hard it's for their children to get on the property ladder. They're keen to release some of the capital in their home to help their children buy their first homes.

    Julian is using a drawdown pension he set up years ago and has a drawdown fund of £450,000, from which he is drawing 3.5% on an annualised basis, giving him an annual net income of £14,200. Sarah gets an income from the government Defined Benefit Pension (final salary pension) scheme she belongs to, which gives her an annual income of £18,000.

  2. What they want

    • To gift some of their wealth to their children during their lifetime, so that they also get to enjoy watching the benefits this gift will bring
    • To remain in the the home that they raised their family in.
    • To release some of the capital in their home to give a cash sum to both their children, to go towards the deposits they need to buy their own homes. They would like to release £100,000 and give £50,000 to each child.

  3. Financial situation

    table
    Assets Expected outgoings

    House value: £730,000

    Investments: £40,000

    Savings: £32,000

    Julian's pension scheme: £450,000 fund (annual net income of £14,200)

    Sarah's Defined Benefit pension scheme: £18,000 after tax

    Combined State Pension: £13,600 a year

    Living expenses: £1,600 a month

     

  4. Suggested actions

    • A RIO mortgage would allow them to release the capital they need to offer a living inheritance to their children.
    • With significant assets and a low loan to value they should pass the affordability test comfortably.
    • While Julian is the higher earner, if he died the remaining value in his drawdown pension will pass to Sarah.
    • They're aware of the inheritance tax (IHT) rules around gifting, which would mean that if they were to die within seven years of gifting the money to their children they would have to pay income tax on the amount they received. Based on their current health and age, Julian and Sarah expect to remain alive beyond the seven year rule that applies.
  5. Benefits for Julian and Sarah

    They could use a RIO to deliver on their wish to offer a living inheritance to their two children, while staying in their own home. They can reasonably expect to provide a further inheritance to their family once they have died.

  6. What are the potential risks?

    Your client should think carefully before securing other debts against their home. Their home may be repossessed if they don't keep up repayments on their mortgage.

    Their ability to make the payments may be affected if:

    • Their income falls in the future.
    • Their expenditure increases in the future. 
    • Inflation reduces the purchasing power of their income.

    Taking out a mortgage in later life could limit their future choices too. For example:

      • It might affect their family's inheritance when they die.
      • They may not be able to afford any additional care needed in later life.
      • Their future choices in moving home could be limited.
      • Opportunities to borrow from other sources could be limited.
      • If the loan is for life, they'll repay the loan from the proceeds of the sale of their home when the last borrower enters into
        long-term care or when they die.